Monday, November 29, 2010

PETUA : Anak sering demam malam

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Re: [sim] MINTA PETUA : Anak sering demam malam
Haszuwati Ismail Ismail Thu, 20 Aug 2009 20:12:49 -0700
http://koleksimawar..blogspot.com/

Assalammualaikum...

Sekadar berkongsi pengalaman membesarkan 7 permata menangani anak-anak yang
sakit walaupun sekadar demam sangat memberi impak kepada saya....terutama anak-anak dibawah umur 3 tahun
perhatian adalah sangat-sangat
perlu pada usia begini..

Demam anak-anak panas diwaktu malam sangatlah kena berjaga-jaga!!!

- Cuba rendamkan kaki anak dalam air ( bemula bawah kaki, naik keatas lutut
biarkan beberapa minit hingga panasnya
reda- JANGAN KESELURUHAN BADAN kerana rendaman tadi akan mengeluarkan haba
panas melalui belakang badan anak
( pastikan belakang badannya tak dibasahi air)- sekadar muka kepala sahaja.
- Gunakan cool fever didahi n belakang badannya....
-Air asam jawa juga dapat membantu caranya lumurkan pada kepala anak*

*Ummuraja-Selain daripada meletakkan air asam jawa, mak saya ajar supaya ramaskan daun bunga raya atau bunga melur.

-Selain ubatan moden dapatkan juga rawatan tradisional seperti air penawar
daripada yang pakar.*

*Ummuraja-Apa yang dipraktikkan oleh saya biasanya saya mandikan sahaja anak tu tak kira waktu malam atau siang, untuk prevent daripada suhu badannya terus meningkat.

Saya bukanlah seorang pakar kanak-kanak tapi  naluri keibuan saya mengatakan
apabila anak-anak kecil sakit " ubat" yang paling mujarab ialah
belaian,perhatian n kasih sayang.. ( disamping ubat tentunya)
walaupun kedengarannya sangat mudah tapi tampa semangat yang kental amat susah
untuk dilaksanakan!

Pada usia yang sepatutnya mereka aktif tiba-tiba mereka rasa tak selesa nak
meluahkan mereka sendiri belum mengerti apa yang menimpa diri mereka....maka tulah fungsi kita membelai
n beripenuh  perhatian akan mengurangkan rasa ketidakselesaan diri mereka n dengan tu mereka akan rasa
sangat selesa n tenang dengan belaian kita....

Dan jikalah Allah lebih sayangkan mereka dengan memanggil hambaNya
menemuiNya....
bukankah kita ada kenangan Yang Terindah Bersama Anak tu!....
Dan jika Allah masih mengizinkan kita menjaga permata kita itu
lagi...Bukakankah itu Hadiah yang Terindah
melihat anak-anak sihat semula......

Dakapan dan ciuman untuk anak-anak yang sakit adalah proses penyembuhan yang
mujarab sekali.....
Apatah lagi dalam pada kita mendakap anak-anak yang sakit selawat n doa untuk
kesejahteraan anak-anak
boleh kita tiupkan pada ubun-ubun anak-anak kita........


Saya ada terima forward message dari seorang kawan antara lain kandungannya:

Ciumlah anakmu kerana pahala setiap ciuman itu dibalas dengan satu darjat
syurga.Nisbah di antara dua darjat ialah 500 darjat. Syurga itu ialah
sebuah kampung kesenangan, tiada masuk ke dalamnya melainkan orang yang
menyukai kanak-kanak.


Seorang lelaki bertanya; "Ya Rasulullah, kepada siapakah harus aku berbakti?"
Jawab baginda; "Berbaktilah kepada ibu bapamu."
Kata lelaki itu lagi; "Ibu bapaku sudah tiada lagi."
Sabda Nabi SAW; "Kalau begitu berbaktilah kepada anakmu, ibubapa berhak
terhadap dirimu dan anakmu pula berhak ke atas dirimu."

Wallahualam bissawab

· · Share · Delete

    • Siti Laili Suhaila hasni nk try subconscious mind tak?masa diorg tgh tdo2 ayam tu cakap diorg dak sihat, tak demam..utk Ajmal macam efecktif plak..hehe,,tahla but no harm to try kan
      November 8 at 5:34pm ·

    • Nor Hasni Binti Zahari thanks laili, ya sy setuju dgn kaedah tu. insyaAllah akan cuba.
      November 9 at 8:19am ·

    • Rahaton Azirah Ramli sgt setuju! belaian dan perhatian sgt mereka perlukan waktu tu kaan..thanks laili n hasni..sharing is caring :)
      November 9 at 10:45am ·

    • Nur Fatimah Azizi Mintak izin share... kebetulan anak pertamaku yg baru berusia 4 bln baru baik demam.. and yes.. mmg risau sgt masa tu.. rasa tak tau nak buat apa... hanya Allah saja yg tau perasaan masa tu...
      November 9 at 11:09am ·

    • Rahaton Azirah Ramli silakan fatimah..info berguna elok di share pada semua kaan
      November 9 at 11:10am ·

    • Nor Hasni Binti Zahari silakan saja, sy faham perasaan kalian, cewah..
      November 9 at 11:12am ·

    • Nur Fatimah Azizi yep... like u said.. sharing is caring... it just that... b4 being a mother, i just tot demam... was just demam la kan... nothing to worry about... adults biasala demam... tp bila our little precious ones demam... nak tido malam pon tak lena...
      November 9 at 11:13am ·

    • Rahaton Azirah Ramli hehehehe..hasni dah lama mkn garam
      November 9 at 11:13am ·

    • Rahaton Azirah Ramli hohoho..aton plak kalau demam, argh sgt teruk sebab jarang sgt demam..sebab tu bila dengar demam sesuatu yg sgt sedih walaupon utk org dewasa
      November 9 at 11:14am ·

Speech and Language Milestone

Diambil dari: http://www.speechdelay.com/milestones

Kenapa saya letak info berkenaan speech milestones ni? Kerana saya harap semua ibu bapa ambil tahu dan sedar akan perkembangan anak-anak terutama dari segi percakapan mereka. Amat penting, kesannya adalah kepada masa depan anak kita juga, di hari persekolahan mereka. Sebagai ibu bapa, jgn biarkan anak-anak kita bermain sendirian dengan alasan kita terlalu sibuk dengan kerja-kerja di rumah (mahupun kerja opis yg di bawa pulang ke rumah). Masa yang berkualiti untuk anak-anak adalah penting, mereka kan harta kita! 
 
 related link:  Speech Developmental Norms
0-6 MONTHS:
Cooing and babbling;

Continual awareness of sound (turns to sound, stops crying when spoken to);

Uses eye gaze to indicate interest.

Talking Tip:  Have hearing tested if infant appears unresponsive to environmental or speech sounds.  Use lots of intonation with child, and short simple language.  When your infant is feeding, take "turns" talking -- caregiver talks to infant, then the baby drinks/eats.  This is an early form of turn-taking.   The sing-songy speech of a mother to her child is an excellent way of getting and maintaining your baby's attention.  It makes the child more aware of human speech and encourages early social interactions.
7-12 MONTHS:
First true words appear (they are often people, or nouns);

Same syllable is repeated (mama, dada);

Child demonstrates increased understanding of daily routines.

Talking Tip:  Respond to your child's vocalizations (i.e. if child says "mama", you could respond with "mama,  yes, mama's home").  You may provide a language rich environment by talking about your daily routines through out the day  in simple language (2-3 words at a time).  This may help to build receptive language skills.  Use lots of speech/routine games such as "Paticake", "Itsy Bitsy Spider" and singing.  Use lots of intonation and gestures when you are interacting with your child.  "Watch" as well as listen to your child's responses, and respond to all intentional communication both nonverbal and verbal (a smile, movement, vocal attempt, or actual word).  
12 MONTHS:
Child says 3-5 words;

Child recognizes his/her name;

Understands simple instructions;

child may use both gestures and vocalizations together

Child understands common objects and actions (e.g., cookie, eat, juice).

Talking Tip:  Label items frequently.  When child reaches or shows interest in an item or action, label it using 1-2 words.  Provide choices from with 2 objects such as "want juice or milk" while holding carton of each.  Continue with nursery rhymes, colorful books, "Peek-a-Boo", "Pat-a-Cake" and songs.
18 MONTHS:
Child uses about 10-20 words at age 18 months including names;

Recognition of pictures of familiar persons and objects

Early 2-word combinations of words emerge;

Needs are requested verbally such as "more, up";

Child will point, gesture, follow simple commands, imitate simple actions, hum or sing;


Talking Tip:    Talk using simple, clear language.  Imitate your child frequently in both action and sound, and model correct language.  You do not have to "correct" the child, just model an appropriate response.  Discuss what your child is feeling, hearing or doing throughout the day.  Don't forget to praise your child's efforts to communicate. You may make a "speech/language book" by cutting out pictures of favorite toys or foods from the newspaper, or adding photo's of family members into a home made journal.  You can "read" your book daily and practice words of favorite toys, foods, and people!

Related Link:  Speech Developmental Norms

24 months (2 years.):
Child understands simple questions and commands

Identifies familiar actions/activities in pictures (i.e. "sleeping, eating")

Follows directions to put objects "on, off, in"

Puts two words together on average

Sentence length of up to three words

Child will refer to self by name

Labels pictures

Final "s" is used for plurals

Vocabulary may jump to 300 words during the year!  In fact between the ages of 2 and 4, kids may increase their vocabulary by as much as 2 words per day;


Talking Tip:   You can use some questions to stimulate additional thought and language, however limit the use/frequency of questions you use.  Too many questions can be demanding, and frustrating if the child is unable to formulate a response.  Frequent "commenting" often elicits as much or more language from a child!  Give your child time to respond!  Waiting as long as 10 seconds for a response is often needed.  Read books with simple and repetitive language, and simple colorful pictures (I like the book "Go Away" by Ed Emberley).  Play "Simon Says" or other listening/following instruction games to help develop listening skills.  Make sure requests are simple (i.e., "touch your nose").
30 months (2 1/2 years.):
Child has about 450 word vocabulary;

Child is able to give his/her first name;

Child uses past tense, plurals, and combines nouns and verbs;

Begin to identify objects from a group by their function and parts (ie. "which one has wheels?", "which one can we eat?");

Begin to use verbs with "ing" endings (i.e. "eating");

Early concepts such as "big, little" are identified;

Child will use "no, not" and answer "where" questions.

Talking Tip:  Model pronouns such as "I, he, she" with short phrases (i.e. "I like cookies").  Read familiar and/or repetitive stories and encourage child to tell what is going to happen, or respond to simple questions about the story. Remember, you don't have to read "the words" in a book, sometimes simplifying the language and personalizing it to the child can be more beneficial for kids! 

3 years.:
Child will name at least one color;

Child will often talk during play, or when alone;

Child can tell a basic story or idea;

Child can use 3-4 word sentences;

Begins to understand "not";

Can identify items in a familiar category or group (i.e. "show me the animal");

Child can have a vocabulary of up to 1000 words;

Children are often able to tell their name and street.

Talking Tip:  Encourage vocabulary development by providing a language rich environment at home.  Using simple sentences at or just above the child's level (i.e.  4-5 words ) when talking around the child will help to build understanding of language and show how words can be used together to formulate sentences.  Children learn a lot of language through play.  Play with child as if you are a child.!(i.e. Model dolls "talking"/carrying out familiar routines.  "Drive" toy cars to the "store" to get milk, then "drive home" and put away the groceries or prepare dinner).  Children will use a lot of pretend play, and carryout early social sequences.  Playing with other children is also a good way to develop social and language skills.  A child may not have all the sounds, however he/she should be intelligible by age 3.  If a delay is suspected, discuss it with your pediatrician for a possible speech/language evaluation.
4 years:
Child will follow 2-3 step commands;

Child will ask many questions, including "who/why";

Child talks in 4-5 word sentences;

Understands and verbalizes spatial concepts more readily such as "on, under, next to..";

Child will talk in the past tense correctly.

Talking Tip:  Start to classify objects into bigger categories such as "animals, things to wear, things to eat...".  To do this, you can visit the zoo (talk about animals), plan outfits for particular occasions(talk about clothing), discuss what you will eat for lunch, dinner (talk about foods),  etc.  You can talk to your child in longer sentences, and read longer stories.  Making up, or telling stories to each other can help to build language skills.  Speech sounds may not be perfect yet, so remember to model the correct sounds.



5 years:
Child defines objects by their function;

Identifies spatial concepts such as "on, behind";

Child uses 5-6 word sentences;

Child understands many opposites;

Child can use different tenses (past, present, future), and many sentence types.

 Talking Tip:  Listen to your child when he/she talks to you, and encourage child to discuss feelings, ideas, or thoughts.  Try to stimulate, and carry on a conversation.  Comment frequently on what you think your child is feeling/thinking to encourage conversation.  Use longer, adult like speech with your 5-year old.  They will generally understand more than they can say.
6-7 years:
Child is developing phonological (sound/letter) awareness skills, and sound/word segmentation skills;

Can generate creative sentences;

Understands time/space concepts such as "before/after, first/second/last".

Talking Tip:  Begin or continue with phonics/phonological awareness activities.  letter-sound matching, segmenting words into sounds, and blending sounds back into words, rhyming, counting/clapping out syllables, and  Break larger words into their component parts (suffixes and prefixes, compound words) are all good phonological awareness activities that will help to develop reading and spelling skills.
Related Link:  Speech Developmental Norms
*Although children typically develop in the same manner, all children are different and unique.  The above are general guidelines as evidenced through various sources of literature from a literature review.  If a delay is suspected, contact your pediatrician to discuss.  Your pediatrician may refer you for the appropriate evaluation if necessary.

Sunday, November 28, 2010

Assalamu`alaikum

Assalamu`alaikum wrh wbt
Coretan ini adalah daripada seorang ibu untuk para ibu. Berkongsi pengetahuan dan pandangan adalah sangat dialu-alukan.

Ahlan wa sahlan.
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